Investor categorization

Professional investor definition

  1. Entities which are required to be authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets: The list below should be understood as including all authorised entities carrying out the characteristic activities of the entities mentioned – entities authorised by a Member State under a European Community Directive, entities authorised or regulated by a Member State without reference to such Directive, and entities authorised or regulated by a non-Member State:
    • Credit institutions;
    • Investment Firms;
    • Other authorised or regulated financial institutions;
    • Insurance undertakings;
    • Collective investment schemes and management companies of such schemes;
    • Pension funds and management companies of such funds;
    • Commodity and commodity derivatives dealers;
    • Locals;
    • Other institutional investors.
  2. Large undertakings meeting two of the following size requirements, on a proportional basis:
    • balance sheet total at least: 20,000,000 Euro;
    • net turnover at least: 40,000,000 Euro; - own funds at least: 2,000,000 Euro.
  3. National and regional governments, public bodies that manage public debt, central banks, international and supranational institutions such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank, the European Investment Bank and other similar international organisations.
  4. Other institutional investors whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments, including entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financial transactions. The entities mentioned above are considered to be professionals.

Elective professional investor definition

An elective professional meet at least two of the three below quantitative criteria:

  1. the investor has carried out transactions, of significant size, on the relevant market at an average frequency of 10 per quarter over the previous four quarters;
  2. the size of the investor’s financial instrument portfolio, defined as including cash deposits and financial instruments exceeds 500’000 Euro;
  3. the investor works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position, which requires knowledge of the transactions or services envisaged.

Important: the investor should establish whether he/she possesses sufficient experience, knowledge and expertise to enable him/her to make his/her own investment decisions and properly assess the risks that such investment incurs. If the investor is in any doubt, we advise them to consult their stockbroker, financial adviser, bank manager or equivalent.

By requesting to be treated as an elective professional, the investor understands that they will lose the protections applicable exclusively to retail clients outlined in COBS of the FCA rules handbook.

  1. The Investment Manager will not be obliged to warn the Investor of the nature of any risks involved in any potential investments in the Fund. The Key Risks of investing in the Fund are set out in the Offering Memorandum of the fund.
  2. The Investment Manager will not be obliged to disclose the basis or amount of its charges for any services the Investment Manager provides to you or on your behalf or the amount of any other income that the Investment Manager may receive from third parties inconnection with such services. The basis and amount of the Investment Manager’s charges are set out in section 8 of the Offering Supplement of the fund.
  3. The Investment Manager will not be obliged to set out any of the prescribed contents, disclosures or risk warnings needed for retail customers in offering documents, marketing brochures and other non real time financial promotions material, nor will the Investment Manager be subject to the restrictions that apply to a retail client in relation to unsolicited real time communications to investors.
  4. The Investment Manager will not be required to give you the warnings required for retail clients in relation to material which may lead you to deal with or use overseas firms which are not regulated by the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 nor will the Investment Manager have to satisfy itself that the overseas firm will deal with you in an honest and reliable way.
  5. The Investment Manager will also not be required to comply with the FCA rules relating to restrictions on and the content of direct offer advertisements.
  6. The majority of the FCA rules in relation to the form and content of financial promotions will not be applicable in respect of any financial promotion communicated or approved by the Investment Manager.
  7. The relevant COBS rules do not require the Investment Manager to send periodic statements in the form and timeframes required, or submit to more frequent requests for such information, as specified under COBS 16.3.
  8. With regards to best execution, the specific requirements layed out in COBS 11.2.7 [Role of price] and COBS 11.2.10 [Competing executing venues] in respect of the Investment Manager’s obligation to provide best execution will not apply.
  9. Appropriateness: In relation to the requirements of COBS 10, we will assume that the investor has the necessary experience and knowledge in order to understand the risks involved in relation to those particular investment services or transactions, or types of transaction or product, for which you have been classified as an Elective Professional Client.
  10. Complaint Handling: As an Elective Professional, the investor is not an “Eligible complainant” and loses the right of access to the Financial Ombudsman Service. Any complaint you make will be dealt with under our internal complaints procedures.

Qualified investor definition

  • A body corporate which has net assets in excess of EUR750,000 (or other currency equivalent) or which is part of a group which has net assets in excess of EUR750,000 (or other currency equivalent);
  • An unincorporated body of persons or association which has net assets in excess of EUR750,000 (or other currency equivalent);
  • A trust where the net value of the trust’s assets is in excess of EUR750,000 (or other currency equivalent);
  • An individual, or in the case of a body corporate, the majority of its board of directors or in the case of a partnership its general partner, who has reasonable experience in the acquisition and/or disposal of funds of a similar nature or risk profile; or property of the same kind as the property, or a substantial part of the property, to which the Fund relates;
  • An individual whose net worth or joint net worth with that person’s spouse exceeds EUR750,000 (or other currency equivalent);
  • A senior employee or director of service providers to the Fund;
  • A relation or a close friend of the promoters;
  • An entity with (or which are part of a group with) EUR3.75 million (or other currency equivalent) or more under discretionary management investing on its own account;
  • A PIF promoted to Qualifying or Extraordinary Investors;
  • An entity (body corporate or partnership) wholly owned by persons or entities satisfying any of the criteria listed above which is used as an investment vehicle by such persons or entities.